Leadership from the ground up: Research on Civil Society Perceptions of the meaning of Sustaining Peace for Local Populations, especially Local Women

Leadership from the ground up: Research on Civil Society Perceptions of the meaning of Sustaining Peace for Local Populations, especially Local Women

Executive summary

The promise of “maintaining international peace and security”1 is one of the most important promises of the United Nations (UN), and securing peace one of its most central tasks. Yet, it is also a promise that has proven to be one of the most elusive. Conflict and instability continue to be widespread across the world. According to the Global Peace Index, in 2018, “global peacefulness declined for the fourth straight year (…) as a result of growing authoritarianism, unresolved conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa, and increased political instability across the world.” 2 Recent years witnessed major security crises, such as the continued fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria; the Rohingya crisis, with hundreds of thousands fleeing from persecution in Myanmar to neighboring

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